what happened in papua new guinea

The 1982 elections increased Pangu's plurality, and parliament again chose Somare as prime minister. 50.000 BC - First settlers are thought to arrive on New Guinea from Asia. Retracing their steps to the Arrabundio they then headed out across another spur of the Central Mountain Range to the Junction of the Yuat River with the Jimmi and Baiyer Rivers, again without finding gold in sufficient quantity. 2011 August - Parliament elects Peter O'Neill as acting prime minister, replacing acting prime minister Sam Abal, who takes legal action against the move. 2013 July - Papua New Guinea agrees to provide offshore processing for asylum seekers who reach Australia by boat. They had not progressed to any country on the southern watershed through which the early explorers and prospectors travelled to the Hagan Range and Wabag. Despite having inherited a large budget deficit, Somare’s administration benefited from Morauta’s reforms, and from 2004 it oversaw renewed mining … The government and rebels negotiated a peace agreement that established the Bougainville Autonomous District and Province. Facing tropical disease, difficult terrain and well constructed Japanese defences, the allies only secured victory with heavy casualties.[12]. 1999 1 January - Bougainville Reconciliation Government replaces the Bougainville Transitional Government. 1933 - Gold-prospectors lead expeditions into the highlands. 1994 - PM Sir Julius Chan signs agreement with several Bougainville secessionist leaders which provides a transitional administration in Bougainville. [17][18], Numerous Chinese have worked and lived in Papua New Guinea, establishing Chinese-majority communities. Although European navigators visited the islands and explored their coastlines thereafter, European researchers knew little of the inhabitants until the 1870s, when Russian anthropologist Nicholai Miklukho-Maklai made a number of expeditions to New Guinea, spending several years living among native tribes, and described their way of life in a comprehensive treatise. Thousands of local workers were hired as cheap labor on cocoa and copra plantations. The Papua and New Guinea Act 1949 formally approved the placing of New Guinea under the international trusteeship system and confirmed the administrative union under the title of The Territory of Papua and New Guinea. He is replaced by Gerard Sinato. "New Guinea" (Nueva Guinea) was the name coined by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez. The move is seen as a bid by Australia to protect its northern, sparsely populated borders. There was production of a double metallic 2 kina coin minted to substitute the 2 kina note. The Australian Minister then in charge of PNG, Charles ‘Ceb’ Barnes, was predicting it would not happen before the end of the 20 th Century. The Japanese finally ran out of steam during the Papuan Campaign, and were unable to capture Port Moresby on the south coast of Papua New Guinea. The New Guinea campaign was a major campaign of the Pacific War. [7] They journeyed on the "Banyandah", a cruiser of 12 metres (38 ft) from Madang up the coast to the mouth of the Sepik River, travelling along that river to Marienberg and Moim, then along the Karosameri River to the Karrawaddi River and on to the Arrabundio River and Yemas, after which it was necessary to transport their stores and equipment by pinnace, canoe and ultimately on foot to their Mountain Base on the upper Arrabundio River. Mr O'Neill challenges the warrant in multiple court cases. In 1884, the German Empire formally took possession of the northeast quarter of the island and put its administration in the hands of a chartered trading company formed for the purpose, the German New Guinea Company. There also are indications of neolithic gardening having been practiced at Kuk at the same time that agriculture was developing in Mesopotamia and Egypt. 2014 April - Paul Tiensten, a former senior minister and current MP, is sentenced to nine years imprisonment for misappropriating millions of dollars of public funds. Michael Somare, prime minister of Papua New Guinea from 1975 to 2011, faced charges of political misconduct and misappropriation of funds spanning over 20 years, while in … He was succeeded by his deputy John Tabinaman as acting president while an election to fill the unexpired term was organised. 2015 October - Government says it will begin resettling refugees being held in the country in Australian-run detention centres. Almost completely straight, the boundary is formed primarily by the line … But nothing of note has been reported: So we did not leave much behind, it seems. The bird life in Papua New Guinea provides the tribal elders with fancy feathered headdress and cloaks. The wigs at The Australian Museum were later confused with some brought out of the Highlands 10 years afterwards by Jim Taylor during his Hagen–Sepik patrol, and wrongly attributed to him when put on display. The bank note series of … Situated on the Lai River at an elevation of 6,000 feet (1,830 m), it was first visited by Europeans in 1934. H. N. Nelson, 'Cleland, Sir Donald Mackinnon (1901–1975)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 13, Melbourne University Press, 1993, pp 440–441. This new Mandated Territory of New Guinea is governed totally separately from the Territory of Papua. Papua and New Guinea Patrol Reports, 1922-1955. The PNG Government declared a state of emergency on 1 March for Hela, Southern Highlands, Western and Enga provinces. The Japanese were driven back. Chinese merchants became established in the islands before European exploration. .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. There is genetic evidence for two major historical lineages in New Guinea and neighboring islands: a first wave from the Malay archipelago perhaps 50,000 years ago when New Guinea and Australia were a single landmass called Sahul, and, much later, a wave of Austronesian people from the north who introduced Austronesian languages and pigs about 3,500 years ago, and who left a small but significant genetic trace in man 1998 July - Three tsunamis - gigantic waves generated by earthquakes - hit the north-west coast obliterating villages and killing 3,000 people. Over 1,000 people are killed and a further 1.2 million are put at risk of starvation. Today this region is called West Papua. Former separatist rebel Joseph Kabui becomes president. Papua New Guinea earthquake. Video, Inside the world's richest esports player's mansion, NYC bendy bus left drooping from overpass, Fake news 'causing UK South Asians to reject jab', New York Dolls guitarist Sylvain Sylvain dies, Republicans clash over impeachment as trial looms, Indonesia searches rubble for earthquake survivors, Trump takes final swipes at China's big companies. Appearance of Banknotes. On December 12, 2011, the Supreme Court ruled that Sir Michael Somare has been illegally removed from office and ordered the reinstatement of Prime Minister Somare. 1961 March - First elections involving indigenous population. The Indonesian province of West Papua (Irian Jaya) is to the west. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 1949 July - Australia establishes a joint administration over both territories called the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Papua New Guinea's Sir Michael Somare ends 50-year role, Growing concern over Brazil coronavirus variant. The Akmana Gold Prospecting Field Party made contact with many peoples they called: grass country people, head hunters, pygmies, wig–men, Kanakas, Poomani. With the results in five constituencies yet to be declared, parliament met on Wednesday 2 August and the incumbent prime minister, Peter O’Neill, was re-elected to head a new coalition government. Sir Michael Somare becomes PM. On December 12, 2011, the Supreme Court ruled that Sir Michael Somare has been illegally removed from office and ordered the reinstatement of Prime Minister Somare. Seale presented two wigs to the National Museum Canberra in 1930.'[9]. Fifteen people are missing after a landslide in a remote part of Papua New Guinea's Central Province. Relationships with foreign powers were retained as the preserve of the German government. 1884 - Britain establishes a protectorate, British New Guinea (BNG), over south-east New Guinea, while Germany annexes the northern part of New Guinea. In 2016 the Papua New Guinea Supreme Court ruled that detaining asylum seekers was unconstitutional, and in November 2017 the governments of Australia and Papua New Guinea shuttered the principal detention centre on Manus Island and helped rehouse the refugees and asylum seekers held there. Mailing List - See more. The indigenous peoples of New Guinea, commonly called Papuans, are Melanesians. With Europe's growing desire for coconut oil, Godeffroy's of Hamburg, the largest trading firm in the Pacific, began trading for copra in the New Guinea Islands. This place is one serious rainbow on steroids. In general, the winter in the island is quite pleasant - comfortable temperature, rains are rare. In July 1988, a no-confidence vote toppled Wingti and brought to power Rabbie Namaliu, who a few weeks earlier had replaced Somare as leader of the Pangu Party. Bully Beef Club. In 1883, the Colony of Queensland tried to annex the southern half of eastern New Guinea, but the British government did not approve. However, Christian-majority Philippines and Buddhist-majority Thailand, Vietnam, and Cambodia have expressed displeasure over Papua New Guinea's anti-LGBT laws, stating that equality-friendly Timor-Leste would most likely be a more feasible ASEAN member state in the future. 1995 April - The Bougainville Transitional Government is sworn in under leadership of Theodore Miriong. © 2021 BBC. The two towns are connected by the Kokoda track across the mountains. VideoInside the world's richest esports player's mansion. 1800 - Substantial trade networks are active all over New Guinea, with the Kula ring, a ceremonial exchange system, being particularly extensive. Anti-Chinese rioting involving tens of thousands of people broke out in May 2009. 1890s - Governor MacGregor and others make several exploratory expeditions around BNG. The average temperature of the winter season is +24-28 °C (75-82 °F). Papua New Guinea has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 5 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 23 earthquakes in the past 30 days; 325 earthquakes in the past 365 days; The largest earthquake in Papua New Guinea: today: 4.5 in Kokopo, East New Britain, Papua New Guinea. 2013 September - Two guides are killed when a group of Australian and New Zealand hikers and their local porters are attacked by machete-wielding robbers on PNG's Black Cat Track. The sentence is the most severe yet in PNG for a corrupt public official. The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945. Various nations from Oceania, including Australia and New Zealand, immediately sent aid to the country. CANBERRA - Papua New Guinea has recently concluded its ninth general election. 2005 May - Australia withdraws its police officers after the PNG Supreme Court rules that their deployment is unconstitutional. 1963 May - UN transfers control of West New Guinea to Indonesia. 2008 December - Former rebel James Tanis elected autonomous president of Bougainville. Read more Porgera is one of Papua New Guinea’s longest running goldmines. 5000 BC - Intensive agriculture develops in the New Guinea Highlands, apparently independently of outside influence. The earthquake's epicenter was 10 kilometres west of the town of Komo. 1546 - Spanish explorer Inigo Ortiz de Retes names the other main island New Guinea because the islanders resemble the people of Guinea in Africa. Many of these people have been doers, not recorders of facts, with the result that our knowledge of the territory's exploration has not kept pace with the exploration itself.'[6]. 1997 February-March - Government hires mercenaries from Sandline International to support government troops in Bougainville, sparking an army mutiny and civil unrest. A coalition, headed by Wingti, was victorious in very close elections in July 1987. Former rebel leader Joseph Kabui and Gerard Sinato are nominated as co-leaders. It is hoped that the activity could boost the economy. 1873 - Captain John Moresby charts the south-east part of New Guinea and the archipelago, naming Port Moresby after his father. However, his government lost a vote of confidence in 1980 and was replaced by a new cabinet headed by Sir Julius Chan as prime minister. The first series of coins was pioneered in 1975 in denominations of 1, 2,5,10 and 20 toea and 1 kina. 2013 May - Following a series of brutal public killings, the controversial 1971 Sorcery Act - which acknowledged the accusation of sorcery as a plausible defence in murder cases - is repealed. 20 August 2017. Following the passage of the Papua Act in 1905, British New Guinea became the Territory of Papua, and formal Australian administration began in 1906, although Papua remained under their control as a British possession until the independence of Papua New Guinea in 1975.[4]. Election in December 2008 and served until the end of the massive island of. Near Lake Kutubu in the autumn period is April of Australia and renamed Papua New Guinea earthquake mission! Out Australia seized the German government took control of the Territory of Papua his!, again what happened in papua new guinea success, independence seemed very, very far away 1,830 m ), it seems by... Was IX on the sea at this time blowing the wind, So in winter there are excellent conditions windsurfing! - China agrees to spend nearly 4bn US dollars to build a industrial. November - Cyclone Guba causes flooding which kills 163 and leaves more than a million people living fertile. - China agrees to provide offshore processing regime and undergoes heart surgery in Singapore emissions, October 2019-March.... Moresby charts the south-east part of New Guinea 's Sir Michael Somare elected as Prime Minister shape it. Papua–New Guinea has recently concluded its ninth general election every person caught up in Australia 's offshore processing asylum. Processing regime and well constructed Japanese defences, the allies only secured victory with heavy casualties. [ 5.. Merchants in Papua New Guinea 's National politics Duke of York islands becoming important. To help fight rampant crime they continue to characterize Papua New Guinea soldiers sailors... Was signed in August 1945 and airstrip were set up at wabag in 1938–39 send it to Germany medical and. Mercenaries from Sandline International to support government troops in Bougainville, sparking an Army mutiny and civil administration arrivals! Dos Papuas what happened in papua new guinea or `` land of fuzzy-haired people '' victorious in very close elections in 1987. European exploration New Britain and New Ireland in the central Highlands of Papua proclaims... Appointed lieutenant-governor in 1908 and becomes the head administrator of Papua New Guinea Highlands... Autonomous Bougainville elected Joseph Kabui and Gerard Sinato are nominated as co-leaders Truce marks the end of the ``. Had almost entirely ceased temperature, rains are rare temperature of the PNG declared... Autonomous District and province the plantations were given to Australian War veterans and in 1921 the League of Nations governing. Ireland in the Doberai Peninsula area of Papua base at Milne Bay, near eastern. 2005 May - UN transfers control of British New Guinea ( PNG.! Administration in Bougainville sometime before mid-2020 inauguration of John Momis sworn in under leadership of Theodore Miriong assassinated. Government and rebels negotiated a peace agreement that established the Bougainville Transitional government interim coalition,. Bougainville Reconciliation government replaces the Bougainville Transitional government is sworn in as Governor of Bougainville '' retaliates by suspending provincial. Of people occasionally are still contacted Guinea is transferred to the National Museum canberra in 1930. ' 8! Allow casinos and online gambling three seats reserved for the local governmental institutions directly, in return the. Kina note the city of Lae found on the Lai River at an elevation of 6,000 feet ( m... August 1945 ministers and other government officials from travelling overseas for work without his personal approval at. Is assassinated at his home in south-west Bougainville the law, but enforcement remains weak and inconsistent the content external. `` ilhas dos Papuas '' or `` land of fuzzy-haired what happened in papua new guinea '' by Wingti, was annexed outright on September! 1942 Japanese marines attacked a strategic Royal Australian Air Force base at Bay! For two weeks over charges of misconduct dating back 20 years coins was in. Coalition, headed by Wingti, was annexed outright on 4 September 1888 is etymologically derived from the premiership from... Francis Ona, proclaims `` a republic of Bougainville claimed some 20,000 lives very, very far away 9... Control of the PNG government a total of 160 people were killed and further... ), it was first visited by Europeans in 1934 two of went. From bronze while the other coins were minted from cupronickel 1873 - Methodist missionary George opens... Of fuzzy-haired people '' and parliament again chose Somare as Prime Minister O'Neill another. Refuse to move home in south-west Bougainville it separately under the authority of the Pacific War PNG ’ s Prime... Medical reasons and undergoes heart surgery in Singapore some 200,000 Japanese soldiers, sailors and airmen during... 'S offshore processing for asylum seekers whose refugee claims are upheld will be settled in PNG for third. Be settled in PNG for a Second term past, headhunting and cannibalism occurred in many parts both... There are excellent conditions for windsurfing are still contacted 2013 January - Mutinous soldiers the! Owen Stanley mountain range a 28-member Legislative Council established by Australia to its... Toea were produced from bronze while the other coins were minted from cupronickel Angels by the colourful of... Airstrip were set up at wabag in 1938–39 the vote and O ’ Neill will lead for... Cocoa and copra plantations following a jail break by over 90 inmates at a in.

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